Northern Ghana has a dynamic environment characterized by poor soils (with low organic matter and nutrient content, low water retention, and poor structure) and strong seasonality with variable rainfall. Poor soils, strong harmattan wind in the dry season, heavy rainfall in the wet season, and widespread deforestation have resulted in soil erosion and loss of soil fertility. The semi-arid environment is challenging for agricultural production. Trax Ghana supports farmers to combat some of the environmental challenges they face and cultivate land in harmony with the natural environment.
In order to minimize desertification and to enhance resilience and adaptation, and provide mitigation of the effects of climate change, Trax Ghana assists its farmers with practices including:
- construction of energy-saving mudstoves;
- mud constructions to protect trees from bush fire;
- the promotion of non-burning policies;
- reforestation through establishment of tree nurseries and wood lots;
- and the reclamation of (unfertile) land.